Use of shall and will

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Shall and will difference - i shall or i will:

 

To express simple future, you should use “shall” with the first person and “will” with the second and third persons. Bit in informal conversational English, the rule is violated. Most of the people say: “I'll take coffee now” to express simple futurity.

Shall and will difference and exercises:

Correct: I shall go there tomorrow.
Incorrect: I will go there tomorrow.

Correct: He will sleep now.
Incorrect: He shall sleep now.

Correct: You will do this work.
Incorrect: You shall do this work.

“Will” in the first person denote resolution or personal determination, and “shall” in the second and third persons denotes a command or a threat.

Will and shall express resolution or personal determination:

Correct: I have determined that I will go.
Incorrect: I have determined that I shall go.

Correct: You shall leave this place at once.
Incorrect: You will leave this place at once.

Correct: My mind is made up; he shall go.
Incorrect: My mind is made up; he will go.


Relevant irregular verbs:

Verb / Present
Past Tense
Past Participle
go
went
gone
sleep
slept
slept
do
did
done
leave
left
left


The Future Indefinite Tense:

Structure: Subject + shall/will + present form of Verb + Extension.

Example:
I shall do the work.
He will see into the matter.
They will do the work.
The president will open the school tomorrow.
If he comes, I shall go.


You can learn details of personal pronouns. First person, second person, third person is divided with masculine and feminine. Singular and plural divided with nominative, objective and possessive case.

 

will-and-shall
 
use of shall and will
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